Obesity was higher in women (about 40 percent) than men (35 percent) extreme obesity was higher in women (9. 7 percent) were considered to be overweight or have obesity and about 2 in 3 women (66.). Overweight and obesity are conditions caused by an increase in the size and amount of fat cells in the body. Learn about causes, risk factors, screening and prevention, signs and symptoms, complications, diagnosis, and treatments for overweight and obesity, and how to participate in clinical trials. Adults have obesity, and more than 18 percent of children and teens also have obesity. This condition disproportionately affects people from certain racial and ethnic groups and those who are socio-economically disadvantaged. Obesity among children, adolescents and adults has emerged as one of the most serious public health concerns in the 21st century. The worldwide prevalence of childhood obesity has increased strikingly over the past 3 decades (). Obesity is a multifactorial condition and has also been described as a phenotype of numerous pathologies (1,2). Teens and even younger children who have obesity are at a higher risk. They develop insulin sensitivity and you start to see changes in their hemoglobin a1c. When you see this, its important to intervene with nutrition information, because there might still be time to prevent type 2 from developing. The strategic plan for nih obesity research serves as a guide to accelerate a broad spectrum of research toward developing new and more effective approaches to address the tremendous burden of obesity, so that people can look forward to healthier lives. Youth sport programs are not designed or primarily intended to prevent obesity, but sports is a setting in which many youth are physically active. obesity in childhood can add up to health problemsoften for life. In adults, overweight and obesity are linked to increased risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes (high blood sugar), high blood pressure, certain cancers, and other chronic conditions. Treatment of pediatric obesity is imperative to the overall health and wellness of children and adolescents, in response to which the endocrine society, american academy of pediatrics (aap), us department of health and human services, and office of the us surgeon general have published guiding materials.